JACK FROST An attractor, streamer style pattern Hook: Size 8, Long shank Thread: Black or White Body: White wool wound over a polythene sheet Tail: Red wool Wings: White marabou hackles, red cock hackle & white cock hackle Head: Black or White Thread
Hook: Size 8, Long shank Thread: Black Body: Black chenille Rib: Oval silver tinsel Wing: Zonker strip in a colour of your choice Head: Black thread
We’ll be tying three patterns in our workshop on 22nd August 2019. These are as follows:
FALSE HARES EAR SPIDER
A variation of the hares lug and plover Hook: Size 12 Thread: Brown Body: Fox Squirrel body fur Rib: Fine gold wire or waxed yellow thread Hackle: Golden Pheasant wing covert (you can use a game hackle as a sub if needed)
DADDY LONG LEGS
A detached body daddy by the late EJ (Ted) Malone Hook: Size 10 or 12 Body: Cock Pheasant tail fibres Wings: Brown or grey cock hackle fibres Legs: Knotted cock pheasant tail fibres hackle: Brown or grey cock
This fly works very well on our local River Dane. Hook: Size 12 Thread: Black or Brown Body: Grey rabbit fur Hackle: Badger cock
This was our first workshop of the season specifically designed for new members to come along to the club and enjoy a demonstration from Frank Moors of 4-simple fly patterns. These comprised of; Buzzer, Partridge and Orange, Klinkhammer and a Predator fly.
Partridge & Orange Spider
Hook: Size 12 short shank, medium wire hook Thread: Waxed Pearsall’s gossamer hot orange (No.6a) Hackle: Brown Partridge feather
A length of thread was waxed before starting to tie the fly. The thread was attached to the hook approximately 1/16th inch (1.5 mm) from the eye (to leave space for tying the head). The body was created by even touching turns the length of the short shank hook and the thread returned to the head area with even touching turns.
The ‘fluff’ was removed from a well-marked Partridge hackle feather and the barbules pulled back to reveal the feather tip. The feather tip was tied in by 2 turns of thread and the hackle created by 1 to 2 turns of the feather and then tied-in by 1 turn of thread and the residual rachis cut / snapped off. The head was whip finished and varnished.
In order to ensure that the hackle remains open (barbules extending at 90° to the hook). It is important to avoid covering where the hackle rachis surrounds the hook with thread wraps.
Hook: Size 10 Hayabusa 270 larva hook (or specific Klinkhammer hook) Thread: 8/0 thread (colour to match dubbing) Post: Antron wool (strong colour for sighting) Body: Dyed olive hare dubbing Hackle: Grizzle cock hackle
The thread is started at the eye and a layer applied of touching turns to the start of the hook curve (approx. 3/16th inch, 5 mm). Antron wool is folded under the hook to produce a post about half way along the thread wraps and tied-in with a figure of eight turns and ‘posted’ by circular wraps extending 1-2 mm up, then back down, the post.
The thread is then returned to the hook and touching turn wraps extended to a position opposite the root of the hook barb. A 2 inch (5 cm) ‘rope’ is created by winding a small quantity of dubbing around the thread (winding in one direction only) and the dubbing rope wound up the hook to create a carrot-shaped body up to the eye of the hook (beyond the post). The thread was then whip finished at the eye and the fly repositioned in the vice with the shank vertical (eye pointing downwards).
The thread was retied in on the post material. The hackle feather was cleared of ‘fluff’ and tied in by the rachis to the thread wraps on the post (feather extending from the hook in the same direction as the post). The hackle was wound around the post, starting from the top of the post thread wraps, towards the hook shank and the resulting hackle tied in by whip finishing around the post.
Hook: Size 10 all-purpose heavy wire grub hook Thread: Black UTC 70 denier thread. Rib: Hends body quill (fluorescent pink, BQ41)
Variations: Other rib materials – Stripped dyed peacock quill Coloured flexi-floss / Coloured fine wire Wing buds – Goose biots Breathers – White Antron wool
Frank recommended using a flat thread such as UTC to produce an even body. The thread was started close the hook eye and the body produced by a single layer of touching turns to the middle of the bend of the hook. The rib material was tied in (full length of the body to the thorax) and the thread returned to the thorax area (about 1/8th inch, 3mm from the hook eye) with touching turns. The rib material was wound with 5 to 7 evenly spaced open turns to the thorax area and tied in with thread. The head was built up with touching turns of thread to produce a rugby ball shape and whip-finished. The fly was coated with several layers of clear varnish to finish.
Variations on this fly pattern comprise of the incorporation of brightly coloured wing buds either side of the head and white breather tubes at the head of the buzzer.
A Predator Fly
Hook: Size 6 all-purpose wet fly. Thread: White Dyneema 110 denier. Body: Enrico Puglisi fibres – Pearl, Red and Silver tan; Hends Lama Hair – Turquoise blue (No.22) Head: Black 8/0 thread Eyes: Small stick-on silver black eyes
Starting at the hook eye, touching turns of thread are laid the length of the shank. A small number of red EP fibres was tied ½ ways down the shank extending about shank-length beyond the hook bend. The thread was returned to the eye and 2 lengths of pearl EP fibres tied in either side of the hook, extending about 2-3 shank-lengths beyond the hook bend. The body was built up by tying in further synthetic hair around the hook, to a similar length beyond the hook bend as the pearl fibres, in the following sequence:
– Silver tan above and below the hook – Turquoise blue above the hook – Silver tan either side of the hook
The Dyneema thread was whip finished and black 8/0 thread tied on at the eye and the head formed with thread wraps which were then also whip finished. The body hair was combed and then trimmed using serrated scissors to produce a fish-shaped profile. Small (3/16th inch) silver black stick-on eyes were attached to the left and right side of the head, with Uhu all-purpose adhesive, and the head built up with clear UV-cured resin.
Members from our fly tying club attended the 2019 Cheshire Game and Angling Fair in Peover Park. This is a chance for the club to get out and about, socialise with like-minded people, to tell bad jokes and to share techniques with many of the visitors to the angling village.
The angling village offers a number of attractions including two well-attended casting demonstrations from AAPGAI instructors. Karl Humphries, a local instructor to the area and John Walker, all the way from Snowdonia. You’ll also find the Grayling Society and Marton Mere Fishery.
It was also lovely to bump into Phil Ratcliffe who was on a well deserved day off, enjoying the show from the opposite side of the fence. Steve Beech & Alan Roe also offered demonstrations and advice on coarse fishing. Alan demonstrating the Wallace cast with a centre pin, an art form mastered only by the few.
It was also fabulous to see so many young people in the angling village, spending the day with family and friends as well as sharing their stories of catching fish and tying flies. Their enthusiasm for the sport was great to see, it was clear for those that attended that being outdoors was certainly a trump card to a video game.
An extended thank to our members, Dononry and Lee for running this year’s tombola and to Peter, Frank and James for tying on our stand.
With our 2019 season fast approaching, our club is a great place to learn the essential techniques to tie flies. No matter your angling preference, game, course or salt, you’ll find like-minded enthusiasts willing to share their patterns, tips and tactics.
Hook: Size 12 down eye wet fly hook Thread: Pearsall’s Gossamer light orange (6A) waxed. Rib and body: Copper wire Tail and body: Natural pheasant tail. Hackle: Grey partridge body feather.
From a Guide to River Trout Flies by John Roberts The copper wire underbody could be applied either separately or together with the Pearsall’s silk thread touching turns – Frank opted for the latter. The loose end of the body wire was left long and used to form the rib. Tail comprised 3 to 4 pheasant tail barbules adjusted to give a length ca. half the body. The body comprised touching turns of 4 to 6 pheasant tail barbules with a copper wire rib (5 turns) that was either wound in the same direction as the body fibres (for less visibility) or counter wound (for greater visibility) at the choice of the tier. The grey partridge feather was tied in at the tip and the whole feather used, to give a full spider hackle. After forming a small head with thread wraps the fly was finished off.
The Yellow Sally Nymph
Hook: Size 10 Long shank wet fly hookThread: Light brown 8/0 thread.Tail: Two light buff coloured goose biots.Body: Light buff rabbit fur dubbing.
From the Fly Fishers Handbook, by Malcolm Greenhalgh and Denys Ovenden The thread was started at the hook eye and a layer (touching turns) taken to a point opposite the barb of the hook. The two goose biots tails tied in either side of the hook to give ca. 45° angle and a tail length equivalent to that of the body. The fly’s dimensions were such that the thorax was half the length of the body (1/3 of the hook shank). The rib material was tied above the tail and the body constructed to give a carrot shaped profile with dubbing and ribbed with 5-turns of the floss. The turkey slip thorax cover and the hen hackle, tied in by their tips, were positioned immediately above the body; the thorax, like the body, was then constructed with dubbing. The hackle feather was palmered to about 1 mm from the hook eye and the thorax cover folded over – these were secured simultaneously with thread wraps. After trimming the feathers a small head was made and the fly finished off.
The Olive Bumble
Hook: Size 10 Captain Hamilton hook Thread: Light brown 8/0 thread. Tail: Golden pheasant crest feather. Rib: Small oval gold tinsel. Body: Golden bumble olive seals fur dubbing (Frankie McPhillips). Palmered Hackle: Golden olive and natural red game cock feathers. False Hackle: Blue jay wing or dyed blue guinea fowl feather.
From Trout and Salmon Flies of Ireland, by Peter O’Reilly The thread was started at the hook eye and the blue jay feather barbules tied in (forward of the eye) and rolled around the hook to form a ‘false hackle’. The tying thread was taken (touching turns) to a point opposite the hook barb and the tail tied in (the crest feather was held parallel to, and secured on top of, the hook). A small oval gold tinsel rib was tied in and the thread returned to the false hackle.
The body hackle feathers (barbule length ca. gape of the hook) tied in by the rachis (the good side towards the hook eye). The thread was returned to the tail and a dubbed body created ending at the false hackle. The body hackle was started with 2 turns around the shank and palmered the length of the body then secured by the rib (5 turns). The rib tied in with thread wraps and trimmed. The false hackle and body hackles were smooth down towards the tail of the fly and a small head created with thread wraps before finishing off.
Hook: Partridge HE 2, Size 1/0 long shank blind hook with silkworm gut eye Thread: Danville 6/0 Olive changing to Black for the head. Ribs: Flat gold, Oval silver, Oval gold tinsels. Tail: Golden Pheasant breast feather. Body hackle: Heron back quill (Palmered). Body: Mixed brown and olive Marino sheep wool dubbing Hackle: Golden pheasant breast feather. Wing: Bronze mallard slips
Paul described the importance of attention to detail in tying this beautiful fly – using touching turn thread wraps even when they would not be visible in the final fly, not adding unnecessary wraps on the head and selection and preparation of the materials.
The silkworm gut eye was secured with thread wraps and superglue followed by touching turns to a position not quite opposite the point of the hook. The GP breast tail feather was stripped of the fluff and a small V-shape removed from the tip before tying in with the natural curve upwards. The three ribs were tied in (looking down the hook) at 10, 8 and 6-o’clock positions on the shank for the flat gold, oval silver and oval gold tinsels, respectively. The palmered heron back quill feather has more sparsely distributed barbules at the tip so, it needs to be tied in by the tip at the hook end (on the opposite side of the hook to the ribs): thus, giving the greatest density of barbules towards the head of the fly.
The body was dubbed with an even dubbing rope producing a parallel profile the full length of the hook shank. Five clockwise turns of each of the three ribs were tied in sequentially: flat gold, oval silver, oval gold, such that the oval silver was just below the trailing edge and the oval gold just above the leading edge of the flat gold rib. The heron feather was palmers between the two oval tinsel ribs. For the head, a hackle of GP breast feather (tied in at the tip) was added above the body hackle). Both hackles were smoothed down below the hook shank to a throat position and the odd stray barbules removed. The thread was changed to black for the head and two slips of bronze mallard (taken from towards the rachis end of the feather) tied in to produce a profile similar to the keel of an up-turned boat.
The Smokey Dun Classic Salmon Fly
Hook: Partridge HE 2, Size 2 blind hook with silkworm gut eye. Thread: Grey 14/0 Sheer changing to Danville’s Black 6/0 for the head. Tag and rib: Flat silver tinsel (equivalent to size 16 mylar). Tail: Four peacock sword feathers.Body: Natural ‘blue’ rabbit underfur dubbing. Throat hackle: Natural dun hen feather. Wing: Two heron secondary feather slips.
The eye was secured as described in the previous fly. Touching turn thread wraps were taken to opposite the point of the hook. The flat silver tinsel was tied in to produce a tag (4-5 turns). The peacock sword feather barbules were held flat to encourage the natural upward curve and tied in as two pairs on the left and right side of the hook.
The rib was tied in and the body dubbed to the head area with a tight dubbing rope to produce a parallel body profile. A five-turn clockwise rib was added and the hackle feather (selected barbule length to mid shank) tied in by the tip at the head area.
The hackle (3 to 4 touching turns towards the head of the fly) was tied in and the grey thread tied off with a whip finish. The hackle barbules were stroked downwards to produce a throat and the black thread for the head tied on. The left and right Heron secondary feather slip widths were half the gape of the hook. They were tied in as a pair by an intricate procedure: the slips were adjusted so the ends were level and aligned with the tip of the tail; they were held tightly between finger and thumb at the tie-in point and a single loose thread wrap made; the rachis end of the feather was pushed towards the tie-in point to produce a valley for the thread to fall into and finally the thread pulled tight. The wing slips were trimmed and tied-in and the fly finished with a small head.
Hook: Size 10 Partridge Patriot double gold hook Thread: Black 8/0 thread. Tag: Fine gold oval tinsel /orange Glo-brite floss No. 6. Body: Black 600 denier floss. Tail: Golden Pheasant crest feather. Rib: Gold oval tinsel. Palmered Hackle: Orange Chinese cock feather. Hackle: Dyed blue spotted guinea fowl body feather Trigger point: Two Jungle Cock nails.
The black 8/0 thread was started at the eye and a layer the length of the shank added. Frank recommended securing the initial thread layer with a figure of eight around the root of the bifurcation of the double hook.
The double tag comprised fine gold tinsel; ca 4-turns with the tinsel end finished by folding under the tag and tying in at the base of the hook bifurcation, followed by ca 2mm wrap of hot orange floss of above the tinsel.
The golden pheasant crest feather tail was tied in over the tag and the rib (same material as the tag tinsel) tied in with thread wraps back to the head area.
A doubled-up length of black floss tied in at the head area. The body was made by touching turns of the doubled floss the full length of the body and back, tying in at the head area.
A “dirty orange” cock hackle was tied in by the rachis at the head area (the rachis was flattened to ensure that the feather tied in securely without adding too much bulk to the body) and palmered the length of the shank and secured by ca 5 turns of the tinsel rib.
A blue guinea fowl hackle (2-3 turns) was tied in by the feather tip and 2 Jungle cock feathers pointing upwards away from the hook eye.
The Cascade (and variant)
Hook: Size 10 Partridge Patriot double hook Thread: Black 8/0 thread. Tail: Yellow / hot orange bucktail / Krystal flash Body: Flat silver tinsel (oval for variant)/ black floss. Rib: Fine silver oval tinsel. Wing: Black squirrel tail/ Krystal flash. Hackle: Sunburst yellow/orange cock feathers
On the evening Frank tied a variant of this fly owing to the lack of flat silver tinsel and opted not to add micro Krystal flash to the tail and wing, the tying describes the tying of the standard with crystal flash rather than the variant: the photo above is of the standard fly.
The black 8/0 thread was started at the eye and a layer the length of the shank added.
The tail length was ca 2 times the length of the hook shank (shorter tails could be tied if desired) and was sequential; a small clump of yellow and similar of hot orange bucktail tied over, 4-strands of Krystal flash could be added if desired.
The fine oval tinsel rib was tied in at the tail and medium flat silver tinsel tied in half way along the shank with thread wraps. The lower half of the body was made by overlapping wraps of flat silver tinsel to the tail and back to half way along the shank. Black floss was then tied in at the head with overlapping wraps to the start of the silver tinsel and back to the head area to form the 2nd half of the body. The whole of the body was ribbed by ca 5-turns of the oval silver tinsel.
(In the variant tied on the evening: touching turns of the rib material (oval silver tinsel) was used to create the first half of the body then tied in. The 2nd half of the body formed, as above, and the black floss body section ribbed with the end piece of oval silver tinsel).
The wing was formed with a small clump of black squirrel tail tied in below the head area to approximately 1/2 the length of the tail, 2 strands of Krystal flash cut to the wing length could be added if desired.
The hackle comprised 2-3 turns of sunburst yellow Chinese cock feather (tied in at the tip) followed by a similarly tied orange Chinese cock hackle.
Stuart gave an enthralling 90-minute presentation of fly tying during which he tied 4 dry fly patterns and gave many fly tying and fly fishing tips. In particular, he recommended the practice of tying several flies at one sitting aiming for consistency. He used a pair calliper to ensure that tails, thorax and body were the same lengths in each fly. He also mentioned fishing tactics reminding everyone not to neglect the use of ‘down-stream’ presentation of flies as this gave them a natural appearance.
The Posh Olive
Hook: Size 14 Partridge SUD 40 dry fly hook Thread: Olive 8/0 thread. Tail: Coq De Leon; 6 – 8 fibres. Dubbing: Fine light olive poly dubbing (Orvis fly rite) tied very sparingly. Wing: Two natural CDC feathers – placed back to back (curving away from each other). Thoraxandhead: Dark olive pine squirrel fur as dubbing.
Emerging Midge (Chironomid)
Hook: Size 22 Varivas 2200 BL. Thread: Olive 8/0 thread. Body: Fine light olive poly dubbing (Orvis fly-rite) tied very sparingly. Outriggers: Veniards Micro Flash. Wing: Fine poly yarn. Thorax and head: Mole fur as dubbing.
Thread started at the curve of the hook with touching turns around the bend. Very sparse dubbing applied with thread turns back to start of thread. Single strand of micro flash tied-in to near side then turned back to produce outriggers on either side of hook and cut to length (to curve of hook).
Thread then taken to eye with touching turns and fine poly yarn wing tied in approx. 1 mm from the eye and cut to size (Stuart mentioned that a single CDC feather could be used as an alternative winging material, but that this could be problematic on cold days so he felt that poly yarn was the better). Mole fur (one of the finest dubbings) was sparingly used to provide a darker coloured thorax.
Tying very small flies relied on careful use of materials ensuring that excess is not used as it could spoil the fly appearance.
Stuart used this as a single fly when the fish were only rising for small flies such as aphids.
The Wedding Day May Fly
Hook: Size 10 long shank dry fly hook. Thread: Olive 8/0 thread. Shuck(tail): Tan poly yarn. Wing: Pink (or white) poly yarn with a 2 -3 mm width of black ether foam tied underneath. Body/thorax: Tan or cream dubbing.Parachute Hackle: Dyed olive Grizzle cock hackle feather.
Thread started at the eye of the hook with touching turns the length of the shank. The poly yarn shuck (at least twice length of hook shank) tied in with thread to provide a shuck length equal to that of the hook shank with touching turns back to the eye (full length of hook).
The pink (or white) poly yarn wing tied in across the hook, approx. 3mm from the eye and posted with ‘figure of 8’ turns. The hackle feather tied in over the eye of the hook with the rachis towards the bend. Approx. 20 mm length of black ether foam (2-3 mm wide) was laid under the wing and used to ‘sandwich’ the poly yarn and hackle feather and tied in place with ‘posting’ turns of the thread. Thread then taken back to the bend and the body dubbed with tan (or cream) dubbing all the way up to the eye of the hook. The hackle was then wound around the wing post starting at the highest point and winding down. The hackle feather was tied in and the fly whip finished at the eye.
The Skippy Sedge
Hook: Size 12 Partridge SLD dry fly. Thread: Pale green 8/0. Tail: Butt of green dubbing. Body: Pine squirrel dubbing generously applied. Wing: Three natural coloured CDC feathers tied in 2mm from the eye (with quills over the eye): one on near-side, one on top and one on far-side.
This fly was developed for the 2001 world championships in Sweden and can be used throughout the year as Caddis hatch in every month.
Thread tied on at eye with touching turns the length of the hook shank. A sparsely dubbed bead of light green applied to butt, followed by a ‘chunky’ body of brown pine squirrel dubbing to thorax region.
CDC wing is tied in one feather at a time and each adjusted to length by pulling the rachis.
Head finished with more dubbing and CDC feather ends cut over the eye of the hook.
The fly is best fished in fast-moving currents so that it sinks at the end of the drift – as the final retrieve mimics the Caddis returning to the surface after egg-laying.
Following on from Karl’s last demonstration (2ndNovember 2017) he was asked about the current situation with game fishing in Wales. We were told that the National Resources Wales (NRW) were finalising new regulations which would probably be ratified by the Welsh Assembly in 2019. (The following link gives the current proposals: NRW proposed fishing controls 16/3/2018). In the North West the Border Esk and tributaries (Liddel and Eden), were made catch and release for all salmon earlier this year. Karl thinks that the decisions being made are based on statistical analysis of poor quality data and consequently the current estimates of migratory fish numbers are probably inaccurate. He was concerned that the Environmental Agency (EA) and NRW were not interested in and do not understand the needs of fishermen and were not the best groups to manage river fisheries. Karl was also concerned that the proposed changes would be impossible to implement. He felt that the salmon and sea trout license was becoming redundant (hence losing the EA revenue), as unless an angler was specifically targeting these species, any accidental catch would be released! Although Karl felt that changes were impacting negatively on game fishing, he was still enjoying and actively participating in the hobby, as evinced by his enthusiasm during the evening.
Karl then went on to demonstrate six flies that he personally found to be productive in rivers.
The Orange Spider
Hook: Size 10 or 12 Thread: Orange Glo-brite No. 5 floss tied to produce a carrot shaped body tied off and finished with 3 coats of varnish (as for a buzzer pattern). Smokey grey 14/0 thread was used for the thorax and head. Hackle: Two to three turns of a grouse neck feather tied in by the distal end of the rachis. Dubbing: Dun ice dub tied sparingly at the thorax to flare the spider hackle. Head: varnished thread
A variant was also demonstrated with an orange tag and watery olive body. The fly contains no added weight; the heavily varnished body ensuring the fly sinks. Karl recommended a technique of turning the fly through 90 °to whip finish the head as this reduced the risk of the thread unravelling over the eye of the hook. Karl generally fishes this as a team of 3 with a fly such as a ‘Greenwell’s’ as top dropper.
The Avon Bomb
Hook: Size 10 or 12 Jig Hook Thread: Gordon Griffiths Sheer 14/0 – Burgundy Rib: Fine Silver Wire Hackle: Two to three turns of a grouse neck feather tied in by the distal end of the rachis. Body: Three strands of bronze peacock herl Wing: Short length of pink Antron mused with 6 to 8 strands of Krystal flash Hackle: 3 to 4 turns of a ginger cock hackle Head: 3.5mm Facetted Silver bead
Comments A layer of tying thread, with touching turns, to the half-way down the shank. The thread was returned with layers of thread built up to secure the bead. The thread was then taken to a point on the hook opposite the barb with the rib and peacock herl tied in and returned to the hook eye. The herl was wound up to the thorax (leaving room for wing and hackle), secured with thread and then ribbed (opposite direction to the herl). The wing and hackle were tied in with the thread and the wing cut to 2 to 3 mm. The thread was varnished at the bead after whip finishing.
Hairy Green Butt Prince Nymph
Hook: Size 10 long shank, weighted with lead if desired Thread: Veevus B17 14/0 Yellow/Chartreuse for butt, Charcoal grey 14/0 for body and head Tail: Two brown goose biots, trimmed to 2/3rds length of shank and flared over the butt. Rib: Medium Gold Oval Tinsel Dubbing: Fox squirrel mixture of fur plucked from pelt. Wing: Two white goose biots, trimmed to length of shank. Hackle: Mid-section of a brown furnace feather, upper surface forward, tied in at distal end of rachis. Head: Varnished head.
Hook: #16 Medium or fine wire Thread: 14/0 in charcoal Body: Very sparsely dubbed fox squirrel fur Wing: Three overlaying natural coloured CDC feathers tied in on top of head Head: Varnished head.
Comments The body used the residual dubbing from the Green Butt Prince Nymph. A nice way of conserving materials. Use a little CDC oil when fishing for extra buoyancy.
Haslam Variant (Salmon / Sea Trout Fly)
Hook: #8 low water double Thread: Gordon Griffiths Sheer 14/0 Burgandy Tag: Glo-Brite No2 Fluoro Pink Floss Rib: Small Oval Tinsel Tail: Golden Pheasant crest feather Body: Glo-brite fluorescent tinsel (or pearl mylar). Throat Hackle: Dyed blue guinea fowl. Wing: Natural hen pheasant tail feather. Antenna: Two blue/gold macaw barbules from centre tail. Eyes: Jungle cock (placed both sides). Head: Varnished head.
Comments Karl’s tips employed in tying this fly included:
Flattening the base of the golden pheasant crest feather to ensure that the barbules did not splay and they stayed on top of the hook.
Throat hackles and hen pheasant wings were easier to tie in using a vee-shaped section of a feather prepared by cutting the rachis above and below the number of barbules required. The barbules from the left and right side of the ‘vee’ could then be folded together and tied in long with 2 thread wraps and pulled to the required length before securing with tight thread wraps.
Split jungle cock eyes could be repaired by the dipping in a light varnish then using finger and thumb to encourage the split eye to mend.